Modern Arabic Poetry

Ismail El Alaoui 2019-08-16 00:00:00 Social
Modern Arabic Poetry

                                                                                        Modern Arabic Poetry

 

 Poetry is a basic component that defines the literary diversity of a certain society. It was and still a mean to express the poet’s emotions and feelings as well as to show the misery or luxury that he lives in. This article is mainly devoted to let the readers be aware of the context in which Modern Arab Poetry which is also accompanied with an experience that is called ‘Alienation and Loss’ found a path to emergence.

   Modernism was a vital trend in Arab literature, and came with a new vision of reality, aesthetic innovations, and a challenge of the old ways. The beginning of Modern Arab poetry can be traced back to the so-called Arab Renaissance in the late nineteenth and the first three decades of the twentieth century. The innovation and creativity of some leading migrant such as Rihani, Khalil Gibran and Naima, had a crucial role in the emergence of a conscious project of innovation. In other words, it is impossible to understand Modernism in Arabic poetry without paying attention to the influence on Arabic cultural dynamism caused by the changing political map, and the socio-economic transformation since the 1940s. Modern Arab Poetry was one of the major movements that appeared in the middle of the twentieth century in the Arab world. This movement started after the catastrophe of 1948 that led most Arab people in general and poets specifically to a kind of situations that’s called: “Alienation and Loss”.  Modern Arab Poetry appeared with great poets such as Bader Shaker Al-Sayyab, Ali Ahmed Said (Adonis), Yusuf Al-khal and others. They created a new kind of poetry, different in form and content. Traditional poetry no longer seemed able to deal with the horrible circumstances at that time. It confined the poet and prevented him from expressing his true feeling, which is why the Modern Arab Poet rebelled against this form of poetry to create another one, which gave him a new vision and a wider overview of the world. To do this, they tried to absorb many aspects of western civilization, especially the influence of existentialist philosophers, novelists, dramatists, and poets, most notably T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land. Moreover, the experience of Alienation and Loss in Modern Arab Poetry is a main component in the process of Modern Arab poetry’s revolution. This experience is dominated by the principle of “Skepticism” that led the poets to alienation and loss, and this can be observed in many ways. That is to say, the poet lived alienated in the universe, in the city, in love and in language.

I do reckon that to understand this type of poetry, one needs to read about Arab poets, such as Bader Shaker Al-Sayyab and Mahmud Darwich. Their poetry is a true sign of the misery that prevailed in Arab countries after the  catastrophe of  1948.

 

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                                                                                        Modern Arabic Poetry

 Poetry is a basic component that defines the literary diversity of a certain society. It was and still a mean to express the poet’s emotions and feelings as well as to show the misery or luxury that he lives in. This article is mainly devoted to let the readers be aware of the context in which Modern Arab Poetry which is also accompanied with an experience that is called ‘Alienation and Loss’ found a path to emergence.

   Modernism was a vital trend in Arab literature, and came with a new vision of reality, aesthetic innovations, and a challenge of the old ways. The beginning of Modern Arab poetry can be traced back to the so-called Arab Renaissance in the late nineteenth and the first three decades of the twentieth century. The innovation and creativity of some leading migrant such as Rihani, Khalil Gibran and Naima, had a crucial role in the emergence of a conscious project of innovation. In other words, it is impossible to understand Modernism in Arabic poetry without paying attention to the influence on Arabic cultural dynamism caused by the changing political map, and the socio-economic transformation since the 1940s. Modern Arab Poetry was one of the major movements that appeared in the middle of the twentieth century in the Arab world. This movement started after the catastrophe of 1948 that led most Arab people in general and poets specifically to a kind of situations that’s called: “Alienation and Loss”.  Modern Arab Poetry appeared with great poets such as Bader Shaker Al-Sayyab, Ali Ahmed Said (Adonis), Yusuf Al-khal and others. They created a new kind of poetry, different in form and content. Traditional poetry no longer seemed able to deal with the horrible circumstances at that time. It confined the poet and prevented him from expressing his true feeling, which is why the Modern Arab Poet rebelled against this form of poetry to create another one, which gave him a new vision and a wider overview of the world. To do this, they tried to absorb many aspects of western civilization, especially the influence of existentialist philosophers, novelists, dramatists, and poets, most notably T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land. Moreover, the experience of Alienation and Loss in Modern Arab Poetry is a main component in the process of Modern Arab poetry’s revolution. This experience is dominated by the principle of “Skepticism” that led the poets to alienation and loss, and this can be observed in many ways. That is to say, the poet lived alienated in the universe, in the city, in love and in language.

I do reckon that to understand this type of poetry, one needs to read about Arab poets, such as Bader Shaker Al-Sayyab and Mahmud Darwich. Their poetry is a true sign of the misery that prevailed in Arab countries after the  catastrophe of  1948.